Electric mobility will make an important contribution towards ensuring sustainable mobility and meeting the environmental demands of the future.
Electric vehicles come in all shapes and sizes, and as a group should be called 'Electrically Chargeable Vehicles' (ECVs).
The industry broadly categorises ECVs into several types.
These include, but are not limited to:
- Electrically chargeable vehicles with no other energy source than the battery: Battery Electric Vehicles (BEV)
- Electrically chargeable vehicles using different energy sources (with no fixed lines or borderlines among technologies due to the development and overlapping).
- Electric vehicles with mobility assistance using energy from the battery and a limited amount of energy from the combustion engine for emergency purposes under given technical limits.
- Extended-range electric vehicles (EREV), which use a battery as the main energy source, but use a combustion engine driven range-extender running on hydrocarbons, after the batteries are depleted.
- Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEV), which use a battery as the main energy source for daily trips, but can also run in common hybrid mode using the combustion engine running on hydrocarbons if necessary.
Most stakeholders assume a realistic market share for new electrically chargeable vehicles to be in the range of 2 to 8% by 2020 to 2025, based on today’s market. This depends on how quickly some of the immediate challenges beyond the automobile industry's control can be addressed, such as the provision of electric vehicle infrastructure and support by utility providers and governments. If these challenges can be overcome, consumer acceptance of these new vehicle types could accelerate their wider adoption.