Ecological and economic efficiency analysis on the permanent review of restrictions on lead within the European ELV Directive (2000/53/EC) and the RoHS directive 2011/65/EU, conducted on behalf of ACEA, CLEPA, JAMA, KAMA and ZVEI.
This report is a review of ELV directive exemptions and considers how the exemption procedures could be improved in line with EU policies on better regulation and protection of the environment and human health. The ELV directive has resulted in a significant reduction in the intentional use of lead in vehicles in the EU and it is estimated that, excluding lead based starter batteries, the amount of lead will have been reduced by 92% to 230g per average vehicle since it was adopted. The four ELV-restricted substances (Pb, Cr(VI), Cd and Hg) have been replaced in very large variety of uses with only a small number of applications remaining that require exemptions. For these, technically feasible alternatives are still missing, despite extensive research.