Interactive map: Correlation between uptake of electric cars and GDP in the EU

This map visualises the correlation between the market uptake of electrically-chargeable vehicles (ECVs) and GDP per capita for each EU member state plus Norway and Switzerland.

Key observations:

  • An ECV market share of 1% or higher only occurs in Western European countries with a GDP of more than €30,000.
  • In countries with a GDP below €17,000 (that includes the new EU member states in Central and Eastern Europe, but also crisis-torn Greece) the market share remains close to zero.
  • Almost half of all EU member states (13 in total) have an ECV market share of 0.5% or lower.
  • Top 3 lowest ECV market shares in Europe:
    • Bulgaria, 0.05% with 21 units sold in 2016 (GDP of €6,600)
    • Greece, 0.04% with 32 units sold in 2016 (GDP of €16,300)
    • Estonia, 0.2% with 35 units sold in 2016 (GDP of €15,900)
  • ECV market share of 5 biggest EU car markets in 2016:
    • Germany, 0.8% of 3,351,607 cars with 25,214 ECVs sold
    • United Kingdom, 1.4% of 2,692,786 cars with 36,917 ECVs sold
    • France, 1.4% of 2,015,177 cars with 29,189 ECVs sold
    • Italy, 0.2% of 1,824,968 cars with 2,827 ECVs sold
    • Spain, 0.3% of 1,147,007 cars with 3,654 ECVs sold
  • Norway, with its 29% ECV market share, is an exception in Europe, as is its GDP of €64,000 (almost twice the EU average).

Note: 2016 data, covering passenger cars

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