Buses are the most widely-used form of public transport in the EU, serving cities as well as suburban and rural areas. They are also the most cost-efficient and flexible form of public transport, requiring minimal investments to launch new lines or routes.
Why are buses so important?
- Buses and coaches improve social inclusion, providing access to education, employment and healthcare to all – including those on low incomes, those who do not drive, the older generation, people with disabilities and people living in remote areas.
- Buses are an important link in the multimodal mobility chain.
- Coaches move people comfortably and affordably across long distances.
- Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) systems have gained popularity worldwide as a cost-effective alternative to far more expensive urban rail investments.
- With one bus capable of replacing 30 cars on the road, buses help ease traffic congestion.
- Buses and coaches have the lowest carbon footprint per passenger of any form of motorised transport.
- In the EU, 55.7% of all public transport journeys (or 32.1 billion passenger journeys per year) are made by urban and sub-urban buses.
- 8.0% of passenger transport on land in the EU is made by buses and coaches. This represents 525.5 billion passenger-kilometres per year.
- There are 745,500 buses in circulation on Europe’s roads today – their average age is 12 years.
Explore our fact sheet on buses for more interesting figures and to learn how buses are exactly defined under the European classification system.