Buses are the most widely-used form of public transport in the EU, serving cities as well as suburban and rural areas. They are also the most cost-efficient and flexible form of public transport, requiring minimal investments to launch new lines or routes.

Why are buses so important?

  • Buses and coaches improve social inclusion, providing access to education, employment and healthcare to all – including those on low incomes, those who do not drive, the older generation, people with disabilities and people living in remote areas.
  • Buses are an important link in the multimodal mobility chain.
  • Coaches move people comfortably and affordably across long distances.
  • Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) systems have gained popularity worldwide as a cost-effective alternative to far more expensive urban rail investments.
  • With one bus capable of replacing 30 cars on the road, buses help ease traffic congestion.
  • Buses and coaches have the lowest carbon footprint per passenger of any form of motorised transport.
  • In the EU, 55.7% of all public transport journeys (or 32.1 billion passenger journeys per year) are made by urban and sub-urban buses. 
  • 8.0% of passenger transport on land in the EU is made by buses and coaches. This represents 525.5 billion passenger-kilometres per year. 
  • There are 745,500 buses in circulation on Europe’s roads today – their average age is 12 years.

Explore our fact sheet on buses for more interesting figures and to learn how buses are exactly defined under the European classification system.

More on Buses

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