Overview - CO2-based motor vehicle taxes in the European Union

CO2-based taxation of passenger cars is now well established across the European Union. 24 EU member states currently levy car taxes partially or totally based on the CO2 emissions and/or fuel consumption of a vehicle.

This comprehensive document provides an overview of CO2-based motor vehicle taxes in the 27 member states of the European Union plus the United Kingdom in 2020.



Key observations

  • Today, 24 EU countries levy car taxes partially or totally based on the CO2 emissions and/or fuel consumption of a vehicle.
  • The three countries that do not apply CO2-based taxation are Estonia, Lithuania and Poland.
  • Several countries still tax cars on their power, price, weight, cylinder capacity, or a combination of these factors.

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