Overview – CO2-based motor vehicle taxes in the European Union

CO2-based taxation of passenger cars is now well established across the European Union. 22 EU member states currently apply some form of CO2 tax to the acquisition or ownership of (company) cars.


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This comprehensive document provides an overview of CO2-based motor vehicle taxes in the 28 member states of the European Union.

Key observations

  • Today, 22 EU member states levy passenger car taxes partially or totally based on CO2 emissions and/or fuel consumption.
  • The 6 countries that do not apply CO2-based taxation are: Bulgaria, Estonia, Hungary, Lithuania, Poland and Slovakia.

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