SAG 21: Parking Management Policy: its potential in improving urban traffic flows

The basic purpose of Transport Demand Management (TDM) is to influence individual travel behaviour. TDM is any action or set of actions aimed at influencing people’s travel behaviour in such a way that alternative mobility options are presented and/or congestion is reduced.

The cost and availability of a parking space are important factors in determining whether an individual makes the decision to drive to a particular location, chooses an alternative mode of travel, or decides whether to own a car in the first place. It is no coincidence that in many urban areas, levels of car ownership are relatively lower than in rural areas, which in addition to the availability of public transport is to a certain extent the result of limited on-street parking.