Interactive map: Correlation between uptake of electric cars and GDP in the EU

This map visualises the correlation between the market uptake of electrically-chargeable vehicles (ECVs) and GDP per capita for each of the 28 EU member states plus Norway and Switzerland.

Key observations:

  • The market share of ECVs is practically 0% in countries with a GDP below €18,000, including the new EU member states in Central and Eastern Europe but also crisis-torn Greece.
  • Half of all 28 EU member states have an ECV market share of 0.75% or lower.
  • By contrast, an ECV market share of above 1.8% only occurs in countries with a GDP per capita of more than €35,000.
  • Many people take the Norwegian market as a benchmark. But just like its €67,000 GDP, more than twice the EU average, Norway’s 39.3% ECV share is an exception in Europe.
  • On the other end of the spectrum, in Estonia for instance only 43 electrically-chargeable cars were sold in 2017.
  • Not only do we see a clear split between Central-Eastern and Western Europe, but also a pronounced North-South divide (eg Greece 0.2%, Italy 0.2% and Spain 0.6%).
  • Top 3: lowest ECV market shares in Europe
    • Estonia, 0.17% with 43 units sold in 2017 (GDP of €17,500)
    • Romania, 0.18% with 188 units sold in 2017 (GDP of €9,600)
    • Greece, 0.23% with 199 units sold in 2017 (GDP of €16,600)
  • ECV market share of the 5 biggest EU car markets
    • Germany, 1.6% of the 3,441,262 cars cars sold in 2017
    • United Kingdom, 1.9% of the 2,540,617 cars sold in 2017
    • France, 1.7% of the 2,110,748 cars sold in 2017
    • Italy, 0.2% of the 1,970,497 cars sold in 2017
    • Spain, 0.6% of the 1,234,931 cars sold in 2017