Interactive map: Correlation between uptake of electric cars and GDP in the EU

This map visualises the correlation between the market uptake of electrically-chargeable vehicles (ECVs) and GDP per capita for the 28 EU member states plus Norway and Switzerland.



Key observations

  • 2.0% of new cars registered in the EU in 2018 were electrically-chargeable vehicles (ECVs).
  • Yet, half of all EU member states have an ECV market share lower than 1%.
     
  • All countries with an ECV market share of less than 1% have a GDP below €29,000, including new EU member states in Central and Eastern Europe but also Spain, Italy and Greece.
  • By contrast, an ECV market share of above 3.5% only occurs in countries with a GDP per capita of more than €42,000.
     
  • Many people take the Norwegian market as a benchmark. But just like its €73,200 GDP, more than twice the EU average (€30,600), Norway’s 49.1% ECV share is an exception in Europe.
  • The countries that come second and third, Sweden (8%) and the Netherlands (6.7%), have some of the highest GDPs in the EU but much lower ECV market shares.
     
  • On the other end of the spectrum, in Latvia only 93 electric cars were sold in 2018. And with an ECV market share of 0.2%, Poland has the lowest uptake of electric cars in the EU.
  • Not only do we see a clear split between Central-Eastern and Western Europe, but also a pronounced North-South divide (eg Greece 0.3% and Italy 0.5%).

Top 5 countries with lowest share of electric cars in the EU

  1. Poland – 0.2% with 1,324 ECVs sold in 2018 (GDP of €12,900)
  2. Slovakia – 0.3% with 293 ECVs sold in 2018 (GDP of €16,600)
  3. Greece – 0.3% with 315 ECVs sold in 2018 (GDP of €17,100)
  4. Czech Republic – 0.4% with 981 ECVs sold in 2018 (GDP of €20,500)
  5. Lithuania – 0.4% with 143 ECVs sold in 2018 (GDP of €15,900)

ECV market share of the 5 biggest EU car markets

  1. Germany – 67,658 ECVs, or 2.0% of the 3.4 million cars sold in 2018 (GDP of €41,000)
  2. United Kingdom – 59,947 ECVs, or 2.5% of the 2.4 million cars sold in 2018 (GDP of €37,600)
  3. France – 45,623 ECVs, or 2.1% of the 2.2 million cars sold in 2018 (GDP of €36,200)
  4. Italy – 9,731 ECVs, or 0.5% of the 1.9 million cars sold in 2018 (GDP of €29,000)
  5. Spain – 11,810 ECVs, or 0.9% of the 1.3 million cars sold in 2018 (GDP of €26,200)

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